Téléchargement de fichiers ASP.NET MVC 3.0

je veux télécharger un fichier dans . Comment puis-je télécharger le fichier en utilisant le contrôle html input file ?

768
demandé sur Andrei 2011-03-04 15:42:08
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20 ответов

vous n'utilisez pas de contrôle d'entrée de fichier. Les commandes côté serveur ne sont pas utilisées ASP.NET MVC. Vérifier le suivant l'article de blog qui illustre comment réaliser ceci en ASP.NET MVC.

ainsi vous commenceriez par créer un formulaire HTML qui contiendrait une entrée de fichier:

@using (Html.BeginForm("Index", "Home", FormMethod.Post, new { enctype = "multipart/form-data" }))
{
    <input type="file" name="file" />
    <input type="submit" value="OK" />
}

et alors vous auriez un contrôleur pour gérer le téléchargement:

public class HomeController : Controller
{
    // This action renders the form
    public ActionResult Index()
    {
        return View();
    }

    // This action handles the form POST and the upload
    [HttpPost]
    public ActionResult Index(HttpPostedFileBase file)
    {
        // Verify that the user selected a file
        if (file != null && file.ContentLength > 0) 
        {
            // extract only the filename
            var fileName = Path.GetFileName(file.FileName);
            // store the file inside ~/App_Data/uploads folder
            var path = Path.Combine(Server.MapPath("~/App_Data/uploads"), fileName);
            file.SaveAs(path);
        }
        // redirect back to the index action to show the form once again
        return RedirectToAction("Index");        
    }
}
1092
répondu Darin Dimitrov 2015-10-11 01:47:41
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à transférer sur byte[] (p.ex. pour économiser sur la base):

using (MemoryStream ms = new MemoryStream()) {
    file.InputStream.CopyTo(ms);
    byte[] array = ms.GetBuffer();
}

pour transférer le flux d'entrée directement dans la base de données, sans le stocker dans la mémoire, vous pouvez utiliser cette classe prise de ici et un peu changé:

public class VarbinaryStream : Stream {
private SqlConnection _Connection;

private string _TableName;
private string _BinaryColumn;
private string _KeyColumn;
private int _KeyValue;

private long _Offset;

private SqlDataReader _SQLReader;
private long _SQLReadPosition;

private bool _AllowedToRead = false;

public VarbinaryStream(
    string ConnectionString,
    string TableName,
    string BinaryColumn,
    string KeyColumn,
    int KeyValue,
    bool AllowRead = false)
{
  // create own connection with the connection string.
  _Connection = new SqlConnection(ConnectionString);

  _TableName = TableName;
  _BinaryColumn = BinaryColumn;
  _KeyColumn = KeyColumn;
  _KeyValue = KeyValue;


  // only query the database for a result if we are going to be reading, otherwise skip.
  _AllowedToRead = AllowRead;
  if (_AllowedToRead == true)
  {
    try
    {
      if (_Connection.State != ConnectionState.Open)
        _Connection.Open();

      SqlCommand cmd = new SqlCommand(
                      @"SELECT TOP 1 [" + _BinaryColumn + @"]
                            FROM [dbo].[" + _TableName + @"]
                            WHERE [" + _KeyColumn + "] = @id",
                  _Connection);

      cmd.Parameters.Add(new SqlParameter("@id", _KeyValue));

      _SQLReader = cmd.ExecuteReader(
          CommandBehavior.SequentialAccess |
          CommandBehavior.SingleResult |
          CommandBehavior.SingleRow |
          CommandBehavior.CloseConnection);

      _SQLReader.Read();
    }
    catch (Exception e)
    {
      // log errors here
    }
  }
}

// this method will be called as part of the Stream ímplementation when we try to write to our VarbinaryStream class.
public override void Write(byte[] buffer, int index, int count)
{
  try
  {
    if (_Connection.State != ConnectionState.Open)
      _Connection.Open();

    if (_Offset == 0)
    {
      // for the first write we just send the bytes to the Column
      SqlCommand cmd = new SqlCommand(
                                  @"UPDATE [dbo].[" + _TableName + @"]
                                            SET [" + _BinaryColumn + @"] = @firstchunk 
                                        WHERE [" + _KeyColumn + "] = @id",
                              _Connection);

      cmd.Parameters.Add(new SqlParameter("@firstchunk", buffer));
      cmd.Parameters.Add(new SqlParameter("@id", _KeyValue));

      cmd.ExecuteNonQuery();

      _Offset = count;
    }
    else
    {
      // for all updates after the first one we use the TSQL command .WRITE() to append the data in the database
      SqlCommand cmd = new SqlCommand(
                              @"UPDATE [dbo].[" + _TableName + @"]
                                        SET [" + _BinaryColumn + @"].WRITE(@chunk, NULL, @length)
                                    WHERE [" + _KeyColumn + "] = @id",
                           _Connection);

      cmd.Parameters.Add(new SqlParameter("@chunk", buffer));
      cmd.Parameters.Add(new SqlParameter("@length", count));
      cmd.Parameters.Add(new SqlParameter("@id", _KeyValue));

      cmd.ExecuteNonQuery();

      _Offset += count;
    }
  }
  catch (Exception e)
  {
    // log errors here
  }
}

// this method will be called as part of the Stream ímplementation when we try to read from our VarbinaryStream class.
public override int Read(byte[] buffer, int offset, int count)
{
  try
  {
    long bytesRead = _SQLReader.GetBytes(0, _SQLReadPosition, buffer, offset, count);
    _SQLReadPosition += bytesRead;
    return (int)bytesRead;
  }
  catch (Exception e)
  {
    // log errors here
  }
  return -1;
}
public override bool CanRead
{
  get { return _AllowedToRead; }
}

protected override void Dispose(bool disposing)
{
  if (_Connection != null)
  {
    if (_Connection.State != ConnectionState.Closed)
      try { _Connection.Close();           }
      catch { }
    _Connection.Dispose();
  }
  base.Dispose(disposing);
}

#region unimplemented methods
public override bool CanSeek
{
  get { return false; }
}

public override bool CanWrite
{
  get { return true; }
}

public override void Flush()
{
  throw new NotImplementedException();
}

public override long Length
{
  get { throw new NotImplementedException(); }
}

public override long Position
{
  get
  {
    throw new NotImplementedException();
  }
  set
  {
    throw new NotImplementedException();
  }
}
public override long Seek(long offset, SeekOrigin origin)
{
  throw new NotImplementedException();
}

public override void SetLength(long value)
{
  throw new NotImplementedException();
}
#endregion unimplemented methods  }

et l'usage:

  using (var filestream = new VarbinaryStream(
                            "Connection_String",
                            "Table_Name",
                            "Varbinary_Column_name",
                            "Key_Column_Name",
                            keyValueId,
                            true))
  {
    postedFile.InputStream.CopyTo(filestream);
  }
156
répondu Arthur 2017-05-23 14:55:10
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méthode Alternative pour le transfert de byte[] (pour la sauvegarde de la DB).

la méthode de @Arthur fonctionne assez bien, mais ne copie pas parfaitement de sorte que les documents MS Office peuvent ne pas ouvrir après les avoir récupérés de la base de données. MemoryStream.GetBuffer () peut renvoyer des octets vides supplémentaires à la fin du byte[], mais vous pouvez corriger cela en utilisant MemoryStream.ToArray () à la place. Cependant, j'ai trouvé cette alternative pour fonctionner parfaitement pour tous les types de fichiers:

using (var binaryReader = new BinaryReader(file.InputStream))
{
    byte[] array = binaryReader.ReadBytes(file.ContentLength);
}

Voici mon code complet:

Classe De Document:

public class Document
{
    public int? DocumentID { get; set; }
    public string FileName { get; set; }
    public byte[] Data { get; set; }
    public string ContentType { get; set; }
    public int? ContentLength { get; set; }

    public Document()
    {
        DocumentID = 0;
        FileName = "New File";
        Data = new byte[] { };
        ContentType = "";
        ContentLength = 0;
    }
}

Téléchargement De Fichier:

[HttpGet]
public ActionResult GetDocument(int? documentID)
{
    // Get document from database
    var doc = dataLayer.GetDocument(documentID);

    // Convert to ContentDisposition
    var cd = new System.Net.Mime.ContentDisposition
    {
        FileName = doc.FileName, 

        // Prompt the user for downloading; set to true if you want 
        // the browser to try to show the file 'inline' (display in-browser
        // without prompting to download file).  Set to false if you 
        // want to always prompt them to download the file.
        Inline = true, 
    };
    Response.AppendHeader("Content-Disposition", cd.ToString());

    // View document
    return File(doc.Data, doc.ContentType);
}

Téléchargement De Fichier:

[HttpPost]
public ActionResult GetDocument(HttpPostedFileBase file)
{
    // Verify that the user selected a file
    if (file != null && file.ContentLength > 0)
    {
        // Get file info
        var fileName = Path.GetFileName(file.FileName);
        var contentLength = file.ContentLength;
        var contentType = file.ContentType;

        // Get file data
        byte[] data = new byte[] { };
        using (var binaryReader = new BinaryReader(file.InputStream))
        {
            data = binaryReader.ReadBytes(file.ContentLength);
        }

        // Save to database
        Document doc = new Document()
        {
            FileName = fileName,
            Data = data,
            ContentType = contentType,
            ContentLength = contentLength,
        };
        dataLayer.SaveDocument(doc);

        // Show success ...
        return RedirectToAction("Index");
    }
    else
    {
        // Show error ...
        return View("Foo");
    }
}

(extrait):

@using (Html.BeginForm("GetDocument", "Home", FormMethod.Post, new { enctype = "multipart/form-data" }))
{
    <input type="file" name="file" />
    <input type="submit" value="Upload File" />
}
54
répondu Lane 2014-03-26 23:14:50
la source

souvent vous voulez passer un viewmodel aussi, et pas le seul fichier. Dans le code ci-dessous, vous trouverez d'autres fonctionnalités utiles:

  • vérification si le dossier a été joint
  • vérifier si la taille du fichier est 0
  • vérifier si la taille du fichier est supérieure à 4 MB
  • vérifier si la taille du fichier est inférieure à 100 octets
  • vérification d'extensions de fichiers

It peut être effectuée via le code suivant:

[HttpPost]
public ActionResult Index(MyViewModel viewModel)
{
    // if file's content length is zero or no files submitted

    if (Request.Files.Count != 1 || Request.Files[0].ContentLength == 0)
    {
        ModelState.AddModelError("uploadError", "File's length is zero, or no files found");
        return View(viewModel);
    }

    // check the file size (max 4 Mb)

    if (Request.Files[0].ContentLength > 1024 * 1024 * 4)
    {
        ModelState.AddModelError("uploadError", "File size can't exceed 4 MB");
        return View(viewModel);
    }

    // check the file size (min 100 bytes)

    if (Request.Files[0].ContentLength < 100)
    {
        ModelState.AddModelError("uploadError", "File size is too small");
        return View(viewModel);
    }

    // check file extension

    string extension = Path.GetExtension(Request.Files[0].FileName).ToLower();

    if (extension != ".pdf" && extension != ".doc" && extension != ".docx" && extension != ".rtf" && extension != ".txt")
    {
        ModelState.AddModelError("uploadError", "Supported file extensions: pdf, doc, docx, rtf, txt");
        return View(viewModel);
    }

    // extract only the filename
    var fileName = Path.GetFileName(Request.Files[0].FileName);

    // store the file inside ~/App_Data/uploads folder
    var path = Path.Combine(Server.MapPath("~/App_Data/uploads"), fileName);

    try
    {
        if (System.IO.File.Exists(path))
            System.IO.File.Delete(path);

        Request.Files[0].SaveAs(path);
    }
    catch (Exception)
    {
        ModelState.AddModelError("uploadError", "Can't save file to disk");
    }

    if(ModelState.IsValid)
    {
        // put your logic here

        return View("Success");
    }

    return View(viewModel);         
}

assurez-vous d'avoir

@Html.ValidationMessage("uploadError")

dans votre point de vue pour les erreurs de validation.

gardez également à l'esprit que la longueur maximale de la requête par défaut est de 4 Mo (maxRequestLength = 4096), pour télécharger des fichiers plus gros, vous devez changer ce paramètre dans le web.config:

<system.web>
    <httpRuntime maxRequestLength="40960" executionTimeout="1100" />

(40960 = 40 MB ici).

délai d'Exécution est le nombre entier de deuxième. Vous pouvez le changer pour permettre à d'énormes fichiers de téléchargements.

44
répondu Roman Pushkin 2014-07-12 00:15:35
la source

dans la vue:

<form action="Categories/Upload" enctype="multipart/form-data" method="post">
    <input type="file" name="Image">
    <input type="submit" value="Save">
</form>

alors que le code suivant dans le contrôleur:

public ActionResult Upload()
{
    foreach (string file in Request.Files)
    {
       var hpf = this.Request.Files[file];
       if (hpf.ContentLength == 0)
       {
            continue;
       }

       string savedFileName = Path.Combine(
                AppDomain.CurrentDomain.BaseDirectory, "PutYourUploadDirectoryHere");
                savedFileName = Path.Combine(savedFileName, Path.GetFileName(hpf.FileName));

        hpf.SaveAs(savedFileName);
    }

    ...
}
30
répondu msoliman 2017-04-03 09:53:41
la source

je dois télécharger le fichier en morceaux de 100 kb de fichier et dernier de la mémoire de téléchargement dans la base de données en utilisant la commande. J'espère que ce sera utile pour vous.

    public HttpResponseMessage Post(AttachmentUploadForm form)
    {
        var response = new WebApiResultResponse
        {
            IsSuccess = true,
            RedirectRequired = false
        };

        var tempFilesFolder = Sanelib.Common.SystemSettings.Globals.CreateOrGetCustomPath("Temp\" + form.FileId);

        File.WriteAllText(tempFilesFolder + "\" + form.ChunkNumber + ".temp", form.ChunkData);

        if (form.ChunkNumber < Math.Ceiling((double)form.Size / 102400)) return Content(response);

        var folderInfo = new DirectoryInfo(tempFilesFolder);
        var totalFiles = folderInfo.GetFiles().Length;

        var sb = new StringBuilder();

        for (var i = 1; i <= totalFiles; i++)
        {
            sb.Append(File.ReadAllText(tempFilesFolder + "\" + i + ".temp"));
        }

        var base64 = sb.ToString();
        base64 = base64.Substring(base64.IndexOf(',') + 1);
        var fileBytes = Convert.FromBase64String(base64);
        var fileStream = new FileStream(tempFilesFolder + "\" + form.Name, FileMode.OpenOrCreate, FileAccess.ReadWrite);
        fileStream.Seek(fileStream.Length, SeekOrigin.Begin);
        fileStream.Write(fileBytes, 0, fileBytes.Length);
        fileStream.Close();

        Directory.Delete(tempFilesFolder, true);

        var md5 = MD5.Create();

        var command = Mapper.Map<AttachmentUploadForm, AddAttachment>(form);
        command.FileData = fileBytes;
        command.FileHashCode = BitConverter.ToString(md5.ComputeHash(fileBytes)).Replace("-", "");

        return ExecuteCommand(command);
    }

Javascript (Knock-Out Js)

define(['util', 'ajax'], function (util, ajax) {
"use strict";

var exports = {},
     ViewModel, Attachment, FileObject;

//File Upload
FileObject = function (file, parent) {
    var self = this;
    self.fileId = util.guid();
    self.name = ko.observable(file.name);
    self.type = ko.observable(file.type);
    self.size = ko.observable();
    self.fileData = null;
    self.fileSize = ko.observable(file.size / 1024 / 1024);
    self.chunks = 0;
    self.currentChunk = ko.observable();

    var reader = new FileReader();

    // Closure to capture the file information.
    reader.onload = (function (e) {
        self.fileData = e.target.result;
        self.size(self.fileData.length);
        self.chunks = Math.ceil(self.size() / 102400);
        self.sendChunk(1);
    });

    reader.readAsDataURL(file);

    self.percentComplete = ko.computed(function () {
        return self.currentChunk() * 100 / self.chunks;
    }, self);

    self.cancel = function (record) {
        parent.uploads.remove(record);
    };

    self.sendChunk = function (number) {
        var start = (number - 1) * 102400;
        var end = number * 102400;
        self.currentChunk(number);
        var form = {
            fileId: self.fileId,
            name: self.name(),
            fileType: self.type(),
            Size: self.size(),
            FileSize: self.fileSize(),
            chunkNumber: number,
            chunkData: self.fileData.slice(start, end),
            entityTypeValue: parent.entityTypeValue,
            ReferenceId: parent.detail.id,
            ReferenceName: parent.detail.name
        };

        ajax.post('Attachment', JSON.stringify(form)).done(function (response) {
            if (number < self.chunks)
                self.sendChunk(number + 1);
            if (response.id != null) {
                parent.attachments.push(new Attachment(response));
                self.cancel(response);
            }
        });
    };
};

Attachment = function (data) {
    var self = this;
    self.id = ko.observable(data.id);
    self.name = ko.observable(data.name);
    self.fileType = ko.observable(data.fileType);
    self.fileSize = ko.observable(data.fileSize);
    self.fileData = ko.observable(data.fileData);
    self.typeName = ko.observable(data.typeName);
    self.description = ko.observable(data.description).revertable();
    self.tags = ko.observable(data.tags).revertable();
    self.operationTime = ko.observable(moment(data.createdOn).format('MM-DD-YYYY HH:mm:ss'));

    self.description.subscribe(function () {
        var form = {
            Id: self.id(),
            Description: self.description(),
            Tags: self.tags()
        };

        ajax.put('attachment', JSON.stringify(form)).done(function (response) {
            self.description.commit();
            return;
        }).fail(function () {
            self.description.revert();
        });
    });

    self.tags.subscribe(function () {
        var form = {
            Id: self.id(),
            Description: self.description(),
            Tags: self.tags()
        };

        ajax.put('attachment', JSON.stringify(form)).done(function (response) {
            self.tags.commit();
            return;
        }).fail(function () {
            self.tags.revert();
        });
    });
};

ViewModel = function (data) {
    var self = this;

    // for attachment
    self.attachments = ko.observableArray([]);
    $.each(data.attachments, function (row, val) {
        self.attachments.push(new Attachment(val));
    });

    self.deleteAttachmentRecord = function (record) {
        if (!confirm("Are you sure you want to delete this record?")) return;
        ajax.del('attachment', record.id(), { async: false }).done(function () {
            self.attachments.remove(record);
            return;
        });
    };


exports.exec = function (model) {
    console.log(model);
    var viewModel = new ViewModel(model);
    ko.applyBindings(viewModel, document.getElementById('ShowAuditDiv'));
};

return exports;
});

code HTML:

<div class="row-fluid spacer-bottom fileDragHolder">
    <div class="spacer-bottom"></div>
    <div class="legend">
        Attachments<div class="pull-right">@Html.AttachmentPicker("AC")</div>
    </div>
    <div>
        <div class="row-fluid spacer-bottom">
            <div style="overflow: auto">
                <table class="table table-bordered table-hover table-condensed" data-bind="visible: uploads().length > 0 || attachments().length > 0">
                    <thead>
                        <tr>
                            <th class=" btn btn-primary col-md-2" style="text-align: center">
                                Name
                            </th>
                            <th class="btn btn-primary col-md-1" style="text-align: center">Type</th>
                            <th class="btn btn-primary col-md-1" style="text-align: center">Size (MB)</th>
                            <th class="btn btn-primary col-md-1" style="text-align: center">Upload Time</th>
                            <th class="btn btn-primary col-md-1" style="text-align: center">Tags</th>
                            <th class="btn btn-primary col-md-6" style="text-align: center">Description</th>
                            <th class="btn btn-primary col-md-1" style="text-align: center">Delete</th>
                        </tr>
                    </thead>
                    <tbody>
                        <!-- ko foreach: attachments -->
                        <tr>
                            <td style="text-align: center" class="col-xs-2"><a href="#" data-bind="text: name,attr:{'href':'/attachment/index?id=' + id()}"></a></td>
                            <td style="text-align: center" class="col-xs-1"><span data-bind="text: fileType"></span></td>
                            <td style="text-align: center" class="col-xs-1"><span data-bind="text: fileSize"></span></td>
                            <td style="text-align: center" class="col-xs-2"><span data-bind="text: operationTime"></span></td>
                            <td style="text-align: center" class="col-xs-3"><div contenteditable="true" data-bind="editableText: tags"></div></td>
                            <td style="text-align: center" class="col-xs-4"><div contenteditable="true" data-bind="editableText: description"></div></td>
                            <td style="text-align: center" class="col-xs-1"><button class="btn btn-primary" data-bind="click:$root.deleteAttachmentRecord"><i class="icon-trash"></i></button></td>
                        </tr>
                        <!-- /ko -->
                    </tbody>
                    <tfoot data-bind="visible: uploads().length > 0">
                        <tr>
                            <th colspan="6">Files upload status</th>
                        </tr>
                        <tr>
                            <th>Name</th>
                            <th>Type</th>
                            <th>Size (MB)</th>
                            <th colspan="2">Status</th>
                            <th></th>
                        </tr>
                        <!-- ko foreach: uploads -->
                        <tr>
                            <td><span data-bind="text: name"></span></td>
                            <td><span data-bind="text: type"></span></td>
                            <td><span data-bind="text: fileSize"></span></td>
                            <td colspan="2">
                                <div class="progress">
                                    <div class="progress-bar" data-bind="style: { width: percentComplete() + '%' }"></div>
                                </div>
                            </td>
                            <td style="text-align: center"><button class="btn btn-primary" data-bind="click:cancel"><i class="icon-trash"></i></button></td>
                        </tr>
                        <!-- /ko -->
                    </tfoot>
                </table>
            </div>
            <div data-bind="visible: attachments().length == 0" class="span12" style="margin-left:0">
                <span>No Records found.</span>
            </div>
        </div>
12
répondu Nikunj B. Balar 2014-05-14 22:54:34
la source

comment je fais la mienne est à peu près comme ci-dessus je vous montre mon code et comment l'utiliser avec un MYSSQL DB...

Document de la table dans la DB -

int Id ( PK ), string Url, description de la chaîne, CreatedBy, Ténancyide DateUploaded

L'ID de code ci-dessus, étant la clé primaire, URL étant le nom du fichier ( avec le type de fichier à la fin ), Description du fichier à afficher sur la vue des documents, créé par celui qui a téléchargé le fichier, ténancyid, dateUploaded

dans la vue vous devez définir l'enctype ou il ne fonctionnera pas correctement.

@using (Html.BeginForm("Upload", "Document", FormMethod.Post, new { enctype = "multipart/form-data" }))
{
<div class="input-group">
    <label for="file">Upload a document:</label>
    <input type="file" name="file" id="file" />
</div>
}

le code ci-dessus vous donnera le bouton browse, puis à l'intérieur de mon projet j'ai une classe fondamentalement appelée IsValidImage qui vérifie juste que le fichier est sous votre taille maximale spécifiée, vérifie si c'est un fichier IMG, tout cela est dans une fonction de classe bool. Donc si true retourne true.

public static bool IsValidImage(HttpPostedFileBase file, double maxFileSize, ModelState ms )
{
    // make sur the file isnt null.
    if( file == null )
        return false;

// the param I normally set maxFileSize is 10MB  10 * 1024 * 1024 = 10485760 bytes converted is 10mb
var max = maxFileSize * 1024 * 1024;

// check if the filesize is above our defined MAX size.
if( file.ContentLength > max )
    return false;

try
{
    // define our allowed image formats
    var allowedFormats = new[] { ImageFormat.Jpeg, ImageFormat.Png, ImageFormat.Gif, ImageFormat.Bmp };

    // Creates an Image from the specified data stream.      
    using (var img = Image.FromStream(file.InputStream))
    {
        // Return true if the image format is allowed
        return allowedFormats.Contains(img.RawFormat);
    }
}
catch( Exception ex )
{
    ms.AddModelError( "", ex.Message );                 
}
return false;   
}

donc dans le contrôleur:

if (!Code.Picture.IsValidUpload(model.File, 10, true))
{                
    return View(model);
}

// Set the file name up... Being random guid, and then todays time in ticks. Then add the file extension
// to the end of the file name
var dbPath = Guid.NewGuid().ToString() + DateTime.UtcNow.Ticks + Path.GetExtension(model.File.FileName);

// Combine the two paths together being the location on the server to store it
// then the actual file name and extension.
var path = Path.Combine(Server.MapPath("~/Uploads/Documents/"), dbPath);

// set variable as Parent directory I do this to make sure the path exists if not
// I will create the directory.
var directoryInfo = new FileInfo(path).Directory;

if (directoryInfo != null)
    directoryInfo.Create();

// save the document in the combined path.
model.File.SaveAs(path);

// then add the data to the database
_db.Documents.Add(new Document
{
    TenancyId = model.SelectedTenancy,
    FileUrl = dbPath,
    FileDescription = model.Description,
    CreatedBy = loggedInAs,
    CreatedDate = DateTime.UtcNow,
    UpdatedDate = null,
    CanTenantView = true
});

_db.SaveChanges();
model.Successfull = true;
8
répondu Michael 2014-08-23 21:55:14
la source
public ActionResult FileUpload(upload mRegister) {
    //Check server side validation using data annotation
    if (ModelState.IsValid) {
        //TO:DO
        var fileName = Path.GetFileName(mRegister.file.FileName);
        var path = Path.Combine(Server.MapPath("~/Content/Upload"), fileName);
        mRegister.file.SaveAs(path);

        ViewBag.Message = "File has been uploaded successfully";
        ModelState.Clear();
    }
    return View();
}
8
répondu Kanwar Singh 2016-04-01 15:43:57
la source

donnant la Solution complète

de la Première utilisation de l'entrée .CShtml in MVC View

<input type="file" id="UploadImg" /></br>
<img id="imgPreview" height="200" width="200" />

maintenant appel Ajax

  $("#UploadImg").change(function () {
    var data = new FormData();
    var files = $("#UploadImg").get(0).files;
    if (files.length > 0) {
        data.append("MyImages", files[0]);
    }

    $.ajax({
        // url: "Controller/ActionMethod"
        url: "/SignUp/UploadFile",
        type: "POST",
        processData: false,
        contentType: false,
        data: data,
        success: function (response)
        {
            //code after success
            $("#UploadPhoto").val(response);
            $("#imgPreview").attr('src', '/Upload/' + response);
        },
        error: function (er) {
            //alert(er);
        }

    });
});

Contrôleur JSON Call

[HttpGet]
public JsonResult UploadFile()
    {
        string _imgname = string.Empty;
        if (System.Web.HttpContext.Current.Request.Files.AllKeys.Any())
        {
            var pic = System.Web.HttpContext.Current.Request.Files["MyImages"];
            if (pic.ContentLength > 0)
            {
                var fileName = Path.GetFileName(pic.FileName);
                var _ext = Path.GetExtension(pic.FileName);

                _imgname = Guid.NewGuid().ToString();
                var _comPath = Server.MapPath("/MyFolder") + _imgname + _ext;
                _imgname = "img_" + _imgname + _ext;

                ViewBag.Msg = _comPath;
                var path = _comPath;
                tblAssignment assign = new tblAssignment();
                assign.Uploaded_Path = "/MyFolder" + _imgname + _ext;
                // Saving Image in Original Mode
                pic.SaveAs(path);
            }
        }
        return Json(Convert.ToString(_imgname), JsonRequestBehavior.AllowGet);
    }
6
répondu Anjan Kant 2016-06-23 13:38:33
la source

je vous donne la méthode simple et facile pour comprendre et apprendre.

vous devez d'abord écrire le code suivant dans votre .Fichier Cshtml .

<input name="Image" type="file" class="form-control" id="resume" />

alors dans votre controller mettez le code suivant:

if (i > 0) {
    HttpPostedFileBase file = Request.Files["Image"];


    if (file != null && file.ContentLength > 0) {
        if (!string.IsNullOrEmpty(file.FileName)) {
            string extension = Path.GetExtension(file.FileName);

            switch ((extension.ToLower())) {
                case ".doc":
                    break;
                case ".docx":
                    break;
                case ".pdf":
                    break;
                default:
                    ViewBag.result = "Please attach file with extension .doc , .docx , .pdf";
                    return View();
            }

            if (!Directory.Exists(Server.MapPath("~") + "\Resume\")) {
                System.IO.Directory.CreateDirectory(Server.MapPath("~") + "\Resume\");
            }

            string documentpath = Server.MapPath("~") + "\Resume\" + i + "_" + file.FileName;
            file.SaveAs(documentpath);
            string filename = i + "_" + file.FileName;
            result = _objbalResume.UpdateResume(filename, i);
            Attachment at = new Attachment(documentpath);

            //ViewBag.result = (ans == true ? "Thanks for contacting us.We will reply as soon as possible" : "There is some problem. Please try again later.");
        }
    } else {
        ...
    }
}

pour cela, vous devez faire le calque BAL et DAL selon votre base de données.

5
répondu sadhana 2016-04-01 15:38:53
la source

Voici mon exemple de travail:

[HttpPost]
    [ValidateAntiForgeryToken]
    public async Task<ActionResult> Create(Product product, HttpPostedFileBase file)
    {
        if (!ModelState.IsValid)
            return PartialView("Create", product);
        if (file != null)
        {

            var fileName = Path.GetFileName(file.FileName);
            var guid = Guid.NewGuid().ToString();
            var path = Path.Combine(Server.MapPath("~/Content/Uploads/ProductImages"), guid + fileName);
            file.SaveAs(path);
            string fl = path.Substring(path.LastIndexOf("\"));
            string[] split = fl.Split('\');
            string newpath = split[1];
            string imagepath = "Content/Uploads/ProductImages/" + newpath;
            using (MemoryStream ms = new MemoryStream())
            {
                file.InputStream.CopyTo(ms);
                byte[] array = ms.GetBuffer();
            }
            var nId = Guid.NewGuid().ToString();
            // Save record to database
            product.Id = nId;
            product.State = 1;
            product.ImagePath = imagepath;
            product.CreatedAt = DateTime.Now;
            db.Products.Add(product);
            await db.SaveChangesAsync();
            TempData["message"] = "ProductCreated";

            //return RedirectToAction("Index", product);
        }
        // after successfully uploading redirect the user
        return Json(new { success = true });
    }
2
répondu Archil Labadze 2016-05-27 14:10:35
la source

s'il vous plaît prêter attention à ce code pour upload image . J'utilise HTMLHelper pour télécharger l'image. dans le fichier cshtml mettre ce code

@using (Html.BeginForm("UploadImageAction", "Admin", FormMethod.Post, new { enctype = "multipart/form-data", id = "myUploadForm" }))
{
    <div class="controls">
       @Html.UploadFile("UploadImage")
    </div>
     <button class="button">Upload Image</button>
}

puis créer un Helper HTMLHelper pour L'étiquette de téléchargement

public static class UploadHelper
{
public static MvcHtmlString UploadFile(this HtmlHelper helper, string name, object htmlAttributes = null)
{
    TagBuilder input = new TagBuilder("input");
    input.Attributes.Add("type", "file");
    input.Attributes.Add("id", helper.ViewData.TemplateInfo.GetFullHtmlFieldId(name));
    input.Attributes.Add("name", helper.ViewData.TemplateInfo.GetFullHtmlFieldName(name));

    if (htmlAttributes != null)
    {
        var attributes = HtmlHelper.AnonymousObjectToHtmlAttributes(htmlAttributes);
        input.MergeAttributes(attributes);
    }

    return new MvcHtmlString(input.ToString());
   }
}

et enfin en Action Téléchargez votre fichier

        [AjaxOnly]
        [HttpPost]
        public ActionResult UploadImageAction(HttpPostedFileBase UploadImage)
        {
           string path = Server.MapPath("~") + "Files\UploadImages\" + UploadImage.FileName;
           System.Drawing.Image img = new Bitmap(UploadImage.InputStream);    
           img.Save(path);

           return View();
        }
2
répondu mahmood kabi 2016-10-21 16:19:19
la source
MemoryStream.GetBuffer() can return extra empty bytes at the end of the byte[], but you can fix that by using MemoryStream.ToArray() instead. However, I found this alternative to work perfectly for all file types:

using (var binaryReader = new BinaryReader(file.InputStream))
{
    byte[] array = binaryReader.ReadBytes(file.ContentLength);
}
Here's my full code:

Document Class:

public class Document
{
    public int? DocumentID { get; set; }
    public string FileName { get; set; }
    public byte[] Data { get; set; }
    public string ContentType { get; set; }
    public int? ContentLength { get; set; }

    public Document()
    {
        DocumentID = 0;
        FileName = "New File";
        Data = new byte[] { };
        ContentType = "";
        ContentLength = 0;
    }
}
File Download:

[HttpGet]
public ActionResult GetDocument(int? documentID)
{
    // Get document from database
    var doc = dataLayer.GetDocument(documentID);

    // Convert to ContentDisposition
    var cd = new System.Net.Mime.ContentDisposition
    {
        FileName = doc.FileName, 

        // Prompt the user for downloading; set to true if you want 
        // the browser to try to show the file 'inline' (display in-browser
        // without prompting to download file).  Set to false if you 
        // want to always prompt them to download the file.
        Inline = true, 
    };
    Response.AppendHeader("Content-Disposition", cd.ToString());

    // View document
    return File(doc.Data, doc.ContentType);
}
File Upload:

[HttpPost]
public ActionResult GetDocument(HttpPostedFileBase file)
{
    // Verify that the user selected a file
    if (file != null && file.ContentLength > 0)
    {
        // Get file info
        var fileName = Path.GetFileName(file.FileName);
        var contentLength = file.ContentLength;
        var contentType = file.ContentType;

        // Get file data
        byte[] data = new byte[] { };
        using (var binaryReader = new BinaryReader(file.InputStream))
        {
            data = binaryReader.ReadBytes(file.ContentLength);
        }

        // Save to database
        Document doc = new Document()
        {
            FileName = fileName,
            Data = data,
            ContentType = contentType,
            ContentLength = contentLength,
        };
        dataLayer.SaveDocument(doc);

        // Show success ...
        return RedirectToAction("Index");
    }
    else
    {
        // Show error ...
        return View("Foo");
    }
}
View (snippet):

@using (Html.BeginForm("GetDocument", "Home", FormMethod.Post, new { enctype = "multipart/form-data" }))
{
    <input type="file" name="file" />
    <input type="submit" value="Upload File" />
}
2
répondu Anzeem S N 2016-10-31 17:08:45
la source

Html:

@using (Html.BeginForm("StoreMyCompany", "MyCompany", FormMethod.Post, new { id = "formMyCompany", enctype = "multipart/form-data" }))
{
   <div class="form-group">
      @Html.LabelFor(model => model.modelMyCompany.Logo, htmlAttributes: new { @class = "control-label col-md-3" })
      <div class="col-md-6">
        <input type="file" name="Logo" id="fileUpload" accept=".png,.jpg,.jpeg,.gif,.tif" />
      </div>
    </div>

    <br />
    <div class="form-group">
          <div class="col-md-offset-3 col-md-6">
              <input type="submit" value="Save" class="btn btn-success" />
          </div>
     </div>
}  

Code Derrière:

public ActionResult StoreMyCompany([Bind(Exclude = "Logo")]MyCompanyVM model)
{
    try
    {        
        byte[] imageData = null;
        if (Request.Files.Count > 0)
        {
            HttpPostedFileBase objFiles = Request.Files["Logo"];

            using (var binaryReader = new BinaryReader(objFiles.InputStream))
            {
                imageData = binaryReader.ReadBytes(objFiles.ContentLength);
            }
        }

        if (imageData != null && imageData.Length > 0)
        {
           //Your code
        }

        dbo.SaveChanges();

        return RedirectToAction("MyCompany", "Home");

    }
    catch (Exception ex)
    {
        Utility.LogError(ex);
    }

    return View();
}
1
répondu Bharat 2016-04-12 14:41:27
la source

Checkout " ma solution

public string SaveFile(HttpPostedFileBase uploadfile, string saveInDirectory="/", List<string> acceptedExtention =null)
{
    acceptedExtention = acceptedExtention ?? new List<String>() {".png", ".Jpeg"};//optional arguments

    var extension = Path.GetExtension(uploadfile.FileName).ToLower();

    if (!acceptedExtention.Contains(extension))
    {
        throw new UserFriendlyException("Unsupported File type");
    }
    var tempPath = GenerateDocumentPath(uploadfile.FileName, saveInDirectory);
    FileHelper.DeleteIfExists(tempPath);
    uploadfile.SaveAs(tempPath);

    var fileName = Path.GetFileName(tempPath);
    return fileName;
}

private string GenerateDocumentPath(string fileName, string saveInDirectory)
{
    System.IO.Directory.CreateDirectory(Server.MapPath($"~/{saveInDirectory}"));
    return Path.Combine(Server.MapPath($"~/{saveInDirectory}"), Path.GetFileNameWithoutExtension(fileName) +"_"+ DateTime.Now.Ticks + Path.GetExtension(fileName));
}

ajoutez ces fonctions dans votre base controller pour que vous puissiez les utiliser dans all controllers

check-out comment l'utiliser

SaveFile(view.PassportPicture,acceptedExtention:new List<String>() { ".png", ".Jpeg"},saveInDirectory: "content/img/PassportPicture");

et voici un exemple complet

[HttpPost]
public async Task<JsonResult> CreateUserThenGenerateToken(CreateUserViewModel view)
{// CreateUserViewModel contain two properties of type HttpPostedFileBase  
    string passportPicture = null, profilePicture = null;
    if (view.PassportPicture != null)
    {
        passportPicture = SaveFile(view.PassportPicture,acceptedExtention:new List<String>() { ".png", ".Jpeg"},saveInDirectory: "content/img/PassportPicture");
    }
    if (view.ProfilePicture != null)
    {
        profilePicture = SaveFile(yourHttpPostedFileBase, acceptedExtention: new List<String>() { ".png", ".Jpeg" }, saveInDirectory: "content/img/ProfilePicture");
    }
    var input = view.MapTo<CreateUserInput>();
    input.PassportPicture = passportPicture;
    input.ProfilePicture = profilePicture;


    var getUserOutput = await _userAppService.CreateUserThenGenerateToken(input);
    return new AbpJsonResult(getUserOutput);
    //return Json(new AjaxResponse() { Result = getUserOutput, Success = true });

}
1
répondu Basheer AL-MOMANI 2016-12-06 12:03:04
la source

simple façon d'enregistrer plusieurs fichiers

cshtml

@using (Html.BeginForm("Index","Home",FormMethod.Post,new { enctype = "multipart/form-data" }))
{
    <label for="file">Upload Files:</label>
    <input type="file" multiple name="files" id="files" /><br><br>
    <input type="submit" value="Upload Files" />
    <br><br>
    @ViewBag.Message
}

contrôleur

[HttpPost]
        public ActionResult Index(HttpPostedFileBase[] files)
        {
            foreach (HttpPostedFileBase file in files)
            {
                if (file != null && file.ContentLength > 0)
                    try
                    {
                        string path = Path.Combine(Server.MapPath("~/Files"), Path.GetFileName(file.FileName));
                        file.SaveAs(path);
                        ViewBag.Message = "File uploaded successfully";
                    }
                    catch (Exception ex)
                    {
                        ViewBag.Message = "ERROR:" + ex.Message.ToString();
                    }

                else
                {
                    ViewBag.Message = "You have not specified a file.";
                }
            }
            return View();
        }
1
répondu Vishal Shori 2017-04-20 13:42:54
la source

Dans Le Contrôleur

 if (MyModal.ImageFile != null)
                    {
                        MyModal.ImageURL = string.Format("{0}.{1}", Guid.NewGuid().ToString(), MyModal.ImageFile.FileName.Split('.').LastOrDefault());
                        if (MyModal.ImageFile != null)
                        {
                            var path = Path.Combine(Server.MapPath("~/Content/uploads/"), MyModal.ImageURL);
                            MyModal.ImageFile.SaveAs(path);
                        }
                    }

En Vue

<input type="hidden" value="" name="..."><input id="ImageFile" type="file" name="ImageFile" src="@Model.ImageURL">

Dans La Classe Modale

 public HttpPostedFileBase ImageFile { get; set; }

créer un dossier sous forme de téléchargement dans le dossier Contenu du projet

1
répondu Thisara Subath 2017-08-08 10:28:00
la source

depuis que j'ai trouvé problème téléchargement de fichier dans IE navigateur, je suggérerais de le traiter comme ceci.

Vue

@using (Html.BeginForm("UploadFile", "Home", FormMethod.Post, new { enctype = "multipart/form-data" }))
{
    <input type="file" name="file" />
    <input type="submit" value="Submit" />
}

contrôleur

public class HomeController : Controller
{
    public ActionResult UploadFile()
    {
        return View();
    }

    [HttpPost]
    public ActionResult UploadFile(MyModal Modal)
    {
            string DocumentName = string.Empty;
            string Description = string.Empty;

            if (!String.IsNullOrEmpty(Request.Form["DocumentName"].ToString()))
                DocumentName = Request.Form["DocumentName"].ToString();
            if (!String.IsNullOrEmpty(Request.Form["Description"].ToString()))
                Description = Request.Form["Description"].ToString();

            if (!String.IsNullOrEmpty(Request.Form["FileName"].ToString()))
                UploadedDocument = Request.Form["FileName"].ToString();

            HttpFileCollectionBase files = Request.Files;

            string filePath = Server.MapPath("~/Root/Documents/");
            if (!(Directory.Exists(filePath)))
                Directory.CreateDirectory(filePath);
            for (int i = 0; i < files.Count; i++)
            {
                HttpPostedFileBase file = files[i];
                // Checking for Internet Explorer  
                if (Request.Browser.Browser.ToUpper() == "IE" || Request.Browser.Browser.ToUpper() == "INTERNETEXPLORER")
                {
                    string[] testfiles = file.FileName.Split(new char[] { '\' });
                    fname = testfiles[testfiles.Length - 1];
                    UploadedDocument = fname;
                }
                else
                {
                    fname = file.FileName;
                    UploadedDocument = file.FileName;
                }
                file.SaveAs(fname);
                return RedirectToAction("List", "Home");
}
1
répondu sarfaraj khatri 2017-09-09 14:39:34
la source

la plupart des réponses semblent assez légitimes bien que j'ai fait un échantillon de projet pour vous sur donnetfiddle

J'utilise LumenWorks.Cadre pour le travail CSV, mais il n'est pas un must have.

Démo

Vue

            @using (Html.BeginForm("Index", "Home", "POST")) 

            {
                <div class="form-group">

                        <label for="file">Upload Files:</label>
                        <input type="file" multiple name="files" id="files" class="form-control"/><br><br>
                        <input type="submit" value="Upload Files" class="form-control"/>
                </div>

contrôleur:

    [HttpPost]
    public ActionResult Index(HttpPostedFileBase upload)
    {
        if (ModelState.IsValid)
        {
            if (upload != null && upload.ContentLength > 0)
            {
                // Validation content length 
                if (upload.FileName.EndsWith(".csv") || upload.FileName.EndsWith(".CSV"))
                {
                    //extention validation 
                    ViewBag.Result = "Correct File Uploaded";
                }
            }
        }

        return View();
    }
1
répondu Lankan 2018-07-02 10:28:09
la source

téléchargement de fichier à l'aide de formdata

.fichier cshtml

     var files = $("#file").get(0).files;
     if (files.length > 0) {
                data.append("filekey", files[0]);}


   $.ajax({
            url: '@Url.Action("ActionName", "ControllerName")', type: "POST", processData: false,
            data: data, dataType: 'json',
            contentType: false,
            success: function (data) {
                var response=data.JsonData;               
            },
            error: function (er) { }

        });

code Côté Serveur

if (System.Web.HttpContext.Current.Request.Files.AllKeys.Any())
                {
                    var pic = System.Web.HttpContext.Current.Request.Files["filekey"];
                    HttpPostedFileBase filebase = new HttpPostedFileWrapper(pic);
                    var fileName = Path.GetFileName(filebase.FileName);


                    string fileExtension = System.IO.Path.GetExtension(fileName);

                    if (fileExtension == ".xls" || fileExtension == ".xlsx")
                    {
                        string FileName = Guid.NewGuid().GetHashCode().ToString("x");
                        string dirLocation = Server.MapPath("~/Content/PacketExcel/");
                        if (!Directory.Exists(dirLocation))
                        {
                            Directory.CreateDirectory(dirLocation);
                        }
                        string fileLocation = Server.MapPath("~/Content/PacketExcel/") + FileName + fileExtension;
                        filebase.SaveAs(fileLocation);
}
}
1
répondu Manish Vadher 2018-08-16 15:14:15
la source

Autres questions sur